MONTECASSINO ABBEY TOUR – CASSINO
Visit the most important Benedictine abbey, on top of one of the most important spot of the second world war.
Montecassino abbey tour: is an half day guided tour.
During the Second World War, “the Winter Line” was composed of a series of German military fortifications in Italy, built by order of the Organization Todt. The main line of the fortification, called the “Gustav Line”, ran across Italy from the north side of River Garigliano to the Tyrrhenian Sea in the west and through the Apennines mountains to the mouth of the Sangro River on the Adriatic Sea in the east side...
The center of the line, where it crossed the main route in the north of Rome (Highway 6), was around the mountains, behind the small town of Cassino. Originally, Montecassino had an old “Benedictine monastery” sitting on top of it, built by “San Benedetto” which is the father founder of the “Benedictine Religious Order” in the year 529 A.C. Inside this Monastery were established the Benedictine rules “ora et labora” (“prey and work”) that is still the philosophy of the Benedictine religious order.
The famous Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome or the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four battles during the Second World War fought by the Allies, where the enemies wanted to break through the Winter Line and seize Rome. The Abbey of Montecassino was located on the peak of the mountain, and for an error of interpretation during an interception of a German communication, the alliance think that “the abbey” was occupied by a German division, and this which means it was impossible for the allied troops to reach the site without destroying the abbey by bombing it. It was 9:45 in the morning of February 15, 1944 when the allies began to bomb the Abbey of Montecassino and destroyed it completely to open their way to Rome for the alliance troops, but the Montecassino Abbey was completely rebuilt after the Second World War.
The Tour of Montecassino Abbey includes the admission to the amazing “Abbey and the cloister”, also at the “museum of the abbey” that is located inside the complex, and where is possible see inside it, a floor dedicated at the life of “San Benedetto” and the life of the “Benedictines priests”, the section dedicated at the famous library where is possible admire unique examples of Miniature, the famous microscopic book where the priests of “the Benedictines religious order” wrote only with the support of a very special instruments and with the help of magnifying glass. “The underground of the Abbey” where was located “the house of San Benedetto”, where he lives during his stay in this area, and the only original and ancient part of the abbey survived at the bombing is included in our tour. After the visit of the Abbey, we will reach the “Polish cemetery” and the “Commonwealth cemetery” where many soldiers who fought in one of the most brutal battles of the Second World War are buried.
Montecassino abbey tour is a perfect accessible visit for fond of the history of world war two, and pilgrims.
Enjoy our Montecassino abbey tour