ROME IN 1944: HISTORICAL TOUR
An historical tour to relive the most important moments of Rome during the Nazi occupation in 1944 with the visit to the sites where the Italian resistance fought to prepare the entry of the allied troops in Rome.
ROME in 1944 historical tour is an half day guided tour.
Rome in 1944 historical tour includes: All the sites where the Italian partisans fought to prepare the entry of the allied troops in Rome. You will visit “the SS headquarters” with “Museo Storico della Liberazione” (historical museum of liberation) of via Tasso, ...
“The Historical Museum of the Liberation” of Rome collects “original documents, memorabilia, newspapers and posters, leaflets, writings and iconographic materials” relating to the Nazi-Fascist occupation of Rome and the struggle that earned the city of Rome the gold medal for military valor for the war of Liberation in the context of the Italian Resistance during the Second World War.
The Museum is located in the same premises as the building in “via Tasso” which, during the Nazi-Fascist occupation of Rome, became infamous as a place of imprisonment and torture for over 2000 anti-fascists, many of whom were shot in “Forte Bravetta” or killed at “the Fosse Ardeatine”.
“The cells of the prison” restored as the Germans on the run left them, populated by memories and even by “the original graffiti” traced by those who suffered torture and deprivation there before having their lives torn away, are witnesses of the drama and the civil choice of Italians of every class and every political family that gave birth to the Resistance. It is therefore not a museum in the most common sense of the term, but rather a realistic and real monument, a historical document that contains others and whose walls themselves are witnesses capable of arousing emotion.
“A library” is attached to the museum which collects “texts, collections of newspapers, brochures and materials relating above all to the war”, the struggle for liberation and the political movements that animated it.
Then we will across “Via Rasella” where, on March 23rd 1944, the Italian partisans killed 32 SS soldiers causing the retaliation of “General Kappler”, who ordered the execution of 320 Italian citizens in the “Fosse Ardeatine”, the site of one of the most brutal massacres of World War II, where, on March 24th 1944, an SS firing squad killed 320 Italian citizens, 10 for each SS soldier killed in the attack of “via Rasella”. After that we will go to visit the most important “air-raid shelter system” of Rome, which was built between 1940 and 1943 to protect “Benito Mussolini and his family”. It is made up by three underground locations in “Villa Torlonia”. The private residence of “the Duce” in Rome: “a cellar – shelter”, is “an underground bunker” in “the Casino Nobile and an air-raid shelter”. The bunker has never been completed or used by “Benito Mussolini”, because he was overthrown and arrested on 25th July 1943.