The Mausoleum of Lucilius Peto was discovered in 1887, about 6 meters below the modern altitude, during the work for the accommodation of the former Vineyard Bertone. The monument, which relates to the tomb of Via Salaria, is located in the late first century BC.
Built about 500 meters away from the Aurelian Walls, on the left side of Via Salaria, the tomb has a circular base, made of tufa blocks covered with an ornament in travertine, included between two denticulated frames, consisting of a drum (about 34 meters in diameter) with the core made of cement work. The cover was almost certainly made of a conical pile of earth that could reach a height of 16 meters.
At the center of the main facade, engraved on a marble plate, there is an inscription which attributes the mausoleum to a wealthy member of the Gens Lucilia: Lucilius Peto, of the tribe Scaptia, military tribune, who, while he was still alive, built the tomb for his sister Lucilia Polla and for himself.
A rear entrance leads inside the mausoleum. A corridor leads to the burial chamber: this has a cruciform shape with three niches in which were placed many funerary beds.
Later the mausoleum was abandoned and in Trajan’s age it was almost entirely enterred. In the fourth century. A.D. the building was used again: to the external drum were lined a series of small stone tombs that were found (and destroyed) during the excavations, while internally it was transformed. Into the walls of the corridor were obtained two orders of niches and a small catacomb was excavated in the tufa, which was reachable via a ladder. The tomb was sacked and robbed of its furnishings and marble elements previously in the fourth century, and again on several occasions between the sixteenth and the seventeenth century.


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