We will visit Anzio BeachHead Museum and then X-Ray beach where the American troops landed and Peter Beach where the Allies troops landed; we continue the tour visiting the monumental American Cemetery and the English Cemetery.
A day dedicated to the landing sites including Peter beach, where the Allies troops landed in 1944.
Anzio is internationally known for being the scene of one of the most famous actions of the Second World War, the landing that she takes its name from. On January 22, 1944 the Allied armies began to land in a wide coastal strip that ranged from Tor San Lorenzo, now a fraction of Ardea, to Torre Astura, in the municipal territory of Neptune. Anzio however represented the pivot of the whole operation and it was also the inhabited center which suffered more damage. In addition to civilian casualties, much of the city’s building heritage was destroyed or semi-destroyed.
The landing lasted even in the following days and ended only on January 31, when the last Anglo-American units landed. In total over a hundred thousand men landed with a large amount of war material. The Germans, caught by surprise, began to react energetically only three days after the start of the action, when a solid bridgehead around Anzio and neighbouring areas had already been established.
However, the goal of a rapid conquest of the capital, which had pushed the allies to design the landing, was not achieved. Rome, located only fifty kilometers away, was in fact freed only four months and a half later, on June 4, 1944.