In 1738, Duke Charles decided to build a residence on the hill of Capodimonte for hunting. From 1758 to 1806, the treasures of the Farnese collection inherited by Charles of Bourbon from his mother Elizabeth, were transferred to the Palace. At the end of the eighteenth century a true gallery of Modern Art, consisting of paintings and sculptures made by artists from Naples, was created in some rooms of the building. In 1920, the palace passed into the hands of the state and, in 1957, it was opened to the public as the Museum and National Galleries of Capodimonte.
One of the most important Italian museums. It consists of the Farnese and Bourbon collections. The collection begun with Alessandro Farnese, later Pope Paul III, and can be divided into two branches: the Roman collection that includes works by Raphael, Sebastiano del Piombo, Tiziano, El Greco, the Carracci brothers and Botticelli and Collection Parmesan (with important works of Emilia and Flemings). The Farnese collection was inherited by Charles of Bourbon, and was enriched over the course of two centuries by important acquisitions in the Bourbon era, forming what is now known as the Bornone collection .
The museum also houses a number of paintings from Neapolitan churches including two masterpieces by Caravaggio.
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