The town, considered by many archaeologists to be one of the most important examples of medieval fortified small towns still in existence in Italy, stands on a tuff formation which dates back to the last great eruption of the Vico vulcano which produced red tuff with black slag.

It is difficult to say whether the present-day Calcata was once a Faliscan site.

It is certain that the wide distribution of the numerous necropolises discovered throughout the area testifies to the presence of a settlement of the Falisci, an Italic population belonging to the Etruscan world whose oldest nucleus has been singled out on the nearby Narce hill.

Calacata’s appeal lies in its ancient stones and worn floors, in the harsh and verdant tuff gorges surrounding the town and in the unspoilt and incredibly beautiful scenery.

The core of its fame is undoubtedly the thriving, charming town centre. Activities ranging from the most unusual through to typical and art in all shapes and forms all find their natural home, hidden under ivy-covered arches, in the main square and the winding alleys offering unexpected breathtaking views: furniture restoration, leather handicrafts, pottery, glass, art studios, jewellery production and cultural associations where you can listen to music, sample some home-made cakes or read a book or two. The town hums with activity in a world almost cut off from time, and visitors can appreciate quality cultural offerings, relive the folklore of the past or jump into the frenetic pace of the present and discover the peace and quiet of an unspoilt, inimitable setting.

Every weekend, the medieval town offers its numerous visitors new cultural events such as conferences, concerts, theatrical performances or more frivolous pastimes such as street markets selling the most unusual and creative ware.

What to visit

Palazzo Baronale degli Anguillara

The building’s origins are said to date back to the 11th century. For a long time it was the community’s main point of reference since it was home to basic amenities such as the primary school, post office and doctor’s surgery, while the wedding banquets of almost all its inhabitants were held in the main room. It has now become the property of Treja Valley Park Authority that bought it in 1987 and arranged for it to be renovated by the architect Paolo Portoghesi in 1995. It is now used to stage exhibitions and host conferences and training courses.
Museum of art in nature

Discover the heart of the Treja Valley through an art itinerary set among nature. Opera Bosco is an open-air museum workshop dedicated to contemporary art, occupying three hectares of wood where artists extend their concept of art to the ecosystem while creating their works. An itinerary of works of art and installations created using natural material found in the woods. Springs, ponds, amphitheatre, ornamental sculptures, sculpted blocks of tuff, prehistoric grottoes, dry walls, terraces interpreted by international artists with a notion of contemporaneousness in symbiosis with the environment. Each year the museum organises European level events with the cooperation of the French Ministry of Culture, and at the initiative of the National Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art in Rome and DARC (Italy’s Department of Contemporary Art and Architecture).


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