The Verona Arena (or Verona amphitheatre) is the biggest roman buildings of the city and certainly one of the most well known. It is one of the most prestigious architectural monuments in Europe and the continent’s third biggest amphitheatre after the Colosseum in Rome and the Anfiteatro Campano near Naples. Although it is known that it was built during the first century AD, in the last years of the reign of emperor Augustus, historians and architects still have many doubts on when it might effectively have been edificated. The fact that the Arena is so well preserved to this day is due to the fact that it was used for cultural events and as meeting place for the high society. From the beginning of its existence the amphitheatre was used for gladiator combats, tournaments, horse races and other similar events. From the eighteenth century on theatrical works were represented there until the first important edition of the festival was held on August 10th, 1913, when the famous work “Aida” by Giuseppe Verdi was played. From then on the Arena has been identified with the opera and has successfully improved hosting high quality events and attracting lots of people. The Verona Arena attracts half a million people each year and more than 15000 people gather there every night when a performance takes place: a cosmopolitan public that comes from all over Europe and the world.